世界知识产权组织表演和录音制品条约

2014-02-26

<p style="text-align:left;line-height:24px"><span style=";font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black;background:white">(1996</span><span style=";font-family:宋体;color:black;background:white">年</span><span style=";font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black;background:white">)</span><span style=";font-family:宋体;color:black;background:white">本条约于</span><span style=";font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black;background:white">1996</span><span style=";font-family:宋体;color:black;background:white">年</span><span style=";font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black;background:white">12</span><span style=";font-family:宋体;color:black;background:white">月</span><span style=";font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black;background:white">20</span><span style=";font-family:宋体;color:black;background:white">日由关于版权和邻接权若干问题外交会议在日内瓦通过</span></p><p><span style="font-size:12px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black;background:white"></span></p><hr size="2" width="100%"/><p></p><p style="text-align:left"><span style="font-size:12px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black;background:white"><br/></span><strong><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black;background:white">序言</span></strong></p><p style="margin-top:auto;margin-bottom:auto;text-align:left;line-height:24px;background:white"><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">  缔约各方,</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black"><br/></span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">  出于以尽可能有效和一致的方式发展和维护保护表演者和录音制品制作者权利的愿望,</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black"><br/></span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">  承认有必要采用新的国际规则,以提供解决由经济、社会、文化和技术发展所提出的问题的适当方法,</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black"><br/></span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">  承认信息与通信技术的发展和交汇对表演和录音制品的制作与使用的深刻影响,</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black"><br/></span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">  承认有必要保持表演者和录音制品制作者的权利与广大公众的利益尤其是教育、研究和获得信息的利益之间的平衡,</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black"><br/></span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">  达成协议如下:</span></p><p style="margin-top:auto;margin-bottom:auto;text-align:left;line-height:24px;background:white"><strong><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:#CC3300">第一章总则</span></strong></p><p style="margin-top:auto;margin-bottom:auto;text-align:left;line-height:24px;background:white"><strong><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">第一条与其他公约的关系</span></strong><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black"><br/></span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">(1)</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">本条约的任何内容均不得减损缔约方相互之间依照于</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">1961</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">年</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">10</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">月</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">26</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">日在罗马签订的《保护表演者、录音制品制作者和广播组织国际公约》</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">(</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">以下称为</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">“</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">《罗马公约》</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">”)</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">已承担的现有义务。</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black"><br/></span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">(2)</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">依本条约授予的保护不得触动或以任何方式影响对文学和艺术作品版权的保护。因此,本条约的任何内容均不得被解释为损害此种保护。</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">[ZW(1]</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">关于第一条第</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">(2)</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">款的议定声明:不言而喻,第一条第</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">(2)</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">款澄清本条约规定的对录音制品的权利与以录音制品体现的作品的版权之间的关系。在需要以录音制品体现的作品的作者与对录音制品持有权利的表演者或制作者许可的情况下,获得作者许可的需要并非因同时还需获得表演者或制作者的许可而不复存在,反之亦然。</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black"> <br/></span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">此外,不言而喻,第一条第</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">(2)</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">款的任何内容均不阻止缔约方对表演者或录音制品制作者规定的专有权超出依照本条约需要规定的专有权。</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">[ZW)]<br/></span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">(3)</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">本条约不得与任何其他条约有任何关联,亦不得损害依任何其他条约的任何权利和义务。</span></p><p style="margin-top:auto;margin-bottom:auto;text-align:left;line-height:24px;background:white"><strong><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">第二条定义</span></strong><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black"><br/></span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">在本条约中:</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black"><br/></span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">(a)“</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">表演者</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">”</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">指演员、歌唱家、音乐家、舞蹈家以及表演、歌唱、演说、朗诵、演奏、表现,或以其他方式表演文学或艺术作品或民间文学艺术作品的其他人员;</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black"><br/></span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">(b)“</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">录音制品</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">”</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">系指除以电影作品或其他音像作品所含的录制形式之外,对表演的声音、或其他声音、或声音表现物所进行的录制;关于第二条</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">(b)</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">项的议定声明:不言而喻,第二条</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">(b)</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">项规定的录音制品的定义并不表明对录音制品的权利因将录音制品包含在电影作品或其他音像作品中而受到任何影响。</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black"><br/></span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">(c)“</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">录制</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">”</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">系指对声音或声音表现物的体现,从中通过某种装置可感觉、复制或传播该声音;</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black"><br/></span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">(d)“</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">录音制品制作者</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">”</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">系指对首次将表演的声音、或其他声音、或声音表现物录制下来提出动议并负有责任的自然人或法人;</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black"><br/></span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">(e)“</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">发行</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">”</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">录制的表演或录音制品系指经权利持有人同意并在以合理的数量向公众提供复制品的条件下,将录制的表演或录音制品的复制品提供给公众;关于第二条</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">(e)</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">项,第八、九、十二和十三条的议定声明:这些条款中的用语</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">“</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">复制品</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">”</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">和</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">“</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">原件和复制品</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">”</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">,受该条中发行权和出租权的约束,专指可作为有形物品投放流通的固定的复制品。</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black"><br/></span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">(f)“</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">广播</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">”</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">系指以无线方式的播送,使公众能接收声音、或图像和声音、或图像和声音表现物;通过卫星进行的此种播送亦为</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">“</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">广播</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">”</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">;播送密码信号,如果广播组织或经其同意向公众提供了解码的手段,则是</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">“</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">广播</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">”</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">;</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black"><br/></span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">(g)“</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">向公众传播</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">”</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">表演或录音制品系指通过除广播以外的任何媒体向公众播送表演的声音或以录音制品录制的声音或声音表现物。在第十五条中,</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">“</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">向公众传播</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">”</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">包括使公众能听到以录音制品录制的声音或声音表现物。</span></p><p style="margin-top:auto;margin-bottom:auto;text-align:left;line-height:24px;background:white"><strong><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">第三条依本条约受保护的受益人</span></strong><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black"><br/></span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">(1)</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">缔约各方应将依本条约规定的保护给予系其他缔约方国民的表演者和录音制品制作者。</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black"><br/></span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">(2)</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">其他缔约方的国民应被理解为符合《罗马公约》规定的标准、有资格受到保护的表演者或录音制品制作者,如同本条约的全体缔约方均假设为该公约缔约国的情形。对于这些资格标准,缔约各方应适用本条约第二条中的有关定义。关于第三条第</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">(2)</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">款的议定声明:为了适用第三条第</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">(2)</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">款,不言而喻,录制系指制作完成原始带</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">(“</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">母带</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">”)</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">。</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black"><br/></span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">(3)</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">任何利用《罗马公约》第五条第</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">(3)</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">款所规定的可能性、或为该公约第五条的目的利用《罗马公约》第十七条所规定的可能性的缔约方,应向世界知识产权组织</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">(WIPO)</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">总干事作出那些条款所预先规定的通知。关于第三条的议定声明:不言而喻,《罗马公约》第五条</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">(a )</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">项和第十六条</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">(a)</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">项第</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">(</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">ⅳ</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">)</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">目中所指的</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">“</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">另一缔约国的国民</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">”</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">,在适用于本条约时,对于系本条约缔约方的政府间组织,指系该组织成员的国家之一的国民。</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black"><br/><br/></span><strong><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">第四条国民待遇</span></strong><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black"><br/></span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">(1)</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">在本条约所专门授予的专有权以及本条约第十五条所规定的获得合理报酬的权利方面,每个缔约方均应将其给予本国国民的待遇给予第三条第</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">(2)</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">款所定义的其他缔约方的国民。</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black"><br/></span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">(2)</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">本条第</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">(1)</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">款规定的义务不适用于另一缔约方使用了本条约第十五条第</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:'Simsun','serif';color:black">(3)</span><span style="font-size:16px;font-family:宋体;color:black">款允许的保留的情况。</span></p><p><span style="font-size:16px"> </span></p><p><br/></p>